Segovia is located in the central plateau of the Iberian Peninsula, occupying a central position among castillian territories.
Segovia produces large quantities of wool and grain, significative amounts of wine and grapes, and other valuables depending on its nearby villages.
Segovia's celtiberian origins can be tracked down to the city's original name, Segobriga ("fortress of victory" in celtiberian). It would became an important enclave under roman control, when its famous aqueduct was built. Occupied by the Visigoths during the fall of the Western Empire, it was later severely depopulated and likely abandoned after the muslim invasion.
After Alfonso VI conquered Toledo in 1085, his son-in-law Raymond of Bourgogne led a repopulation effort in Segovia, attracting settlers from the northern areas of the Iberian Peninsula and southern France. The town endured several periods of unrest and turmoil during the XII century, sometimes against its own governors, sometimes being caught between dynastic struggles. However, its strategic location in trashumance routes boosted Segovia as an important wool trade and textile manufacturing center, a status that would be maintained through the following centuries.